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FLAGS AND SYMBOLS OF THE KATIPUNAN 2

KATIPUNAN STANDARD

This standard was flown in 1896 by the katipuneros on Noveleta (Cavite).At present it must be deposited in the National Museum of Manila.
The flag was the flag of the Magdiwang Council who had a bigger jurisdiction than the Magdalo Council of Emilio Aguinaldo; it included the following towns: Cavite (the capital ), San Roque, La Caridad, Noveleta, San Francisco de Malabon (at present Tanza), Naik, Maragondon, Ternate, Magallanes, Bailen (at present General Aguinaldo ) Indang, Alfonso, Amadeo and Mendez; later the three towns of Nasugbu, Looc and Tuy, of the Batangas province.

The Magdalo Council comprised the towns of Cavite el Viejo ( now Kawit ), Bacoor, Carmona , Dasmarinas, Imus and Silang, later the towns of Amadeo and Mendez , transferred from the Magdiwang Council to the Magdalo Council.

The letter on the white sun is the" K " in the old tagalog alphabet,called "baybayin "; K is the first letter of the word " Kalayaan" : "freedom" .


Images from the book of memories of General Artemio Ricarte " Vibora", dated 1927

Flags of the katipuneros , some of them with the three K placed in triangular
shape; a clear example of the connection between masonry and the revolutionary movement of the Katipunan. About the real existence of these flags there  are strong doubts because there are no examples on cloth or photographs  proving their use.


IMAGE FROM THE BOOK OF LT. COL.  EMANUEL AGRAVA BAJA : " OUR COUNTRY'S FLAG AND ANTHEM "
( Manila : Juan Fajardo Press, 1928 )

SEDITION IN MANILA.
Appears in plays in native Theatres -
How an American Smashed the Sun of Filipino Independence.
Foreign correspondence New York Times .

........ The filipino theatres in Manila took up the agitation, giving many semi-seditious plays.
The climax came in a play called :"Hindi aco patay" ", which, translated from Tagala, means " I am not dead yet.".
This was produced in the theatre Rizal. There were many scenes showing the supposed brutality of the american and the goodness of the filipino; but at the first the play was not amenable to police interference.
The actors went too far, however, and showed scenes where the katipunan flag, a red field with a black letter "K" there-on, was waved amid the great enthusiasm of the disaffected filipinos. This flag is the emblem of the Katipunan Society, which resembles in its motives and actions the italian mafia. After some days of this play the police found the nightly disorder so great that interference was necessary and the play was prohibited. .......

From : The New York Times
march 29 , 1903
Background music : ALERTA KATIPUNAN !
“Alerta Katipunan" is considered the hymn of the Katipunan; it is based on a Spanish instrumental march but lyrics are credited to Ildefonso Santos, a poet and educator born on 23 January 1897, in Barita, Malabon , Manila. (so the words of the hymn can’t be written in 1898 as someone claimed ) . In 1956 Santos  also gave his contribution to the realization of the text in the Philippine national anthem.

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