"... Claudio Bakus, (,also called Claudio Bukidnon) the "fierce and brave" fighter who operated in the Toledo-Balamban area in the anti-spanish uprising. the head of "hundreds of rebels", he and his men occupied the outbuildings and warehouses of the Canlumampao Sugar Estate near Toledo on 19 april 1898. Therebels did not harm the american estate owners, Alfred E. Williams and his mother. Claudio was believed to be invulnerable and his powers were attribuited to a red flag he carried. ..... "
From the book :The war against the Americans: resistance and collaboration in Cebu, 1899-1906
by Resil B. Mojares
Some other notes on Claudio ‘s flag :
From : The Philippine Islands. A political, geographical, ethnographical, social and commercial history of the Philippine Archipelago and its political dependencies, embracing the whole period of Spanish rule. By John Foreman, F.R.G.S . New York,: C. Scribner's sons, 1899
.. , but they indulged in all sorts of superstitions about the invulnerability of their chief, Claudio, and the charm attached to a red flag he carried, and hey were determinated to take their chance with him “. ……
..” to their astonishment they saw Claudio, at the head of a couple of hundred rebels, rushing down the hill with the red flag floating in the air”.