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FLAGS AND SYMBOLS OF THE KATIPUNAN - 1

FLAGS AND SYMBOLS FROM 1800 TO 1900 CENTURY

KATIPUNEROS

Illustration by C. Valino Jr. from the book " Kangkong 1896 " by C. S.C. Alabado .

ANDRES BONIFACIO,CALLED " THE SUPREMO ", FOUNDER OF THE KATIPUNAN.

ANDRES BONIFACIO PERSONAL STANDARD

This flag was made by Benita Rodriguez and Gregoria De Jesus ( Bonifacio's wife ) upon the request of Bonifacio.
As shown on the drawing the flag was a red rectangular piece of cloth, locally called "Kundiman " with three white K on it .

The adoption of the red color on the katipunan flags has origin in the various flags used in all the filipino, moro and malesian area as symbol of war and bravery ;it was also part of the traditional old tagalog dress; the"putong" , a normal male haddress in fact was red in the case of those who had personally killed an enemy.... * anyway we can't exclude Andres Bonifacio also used the red color on flags as a result of the reading of the book :" Les Miserables " by Victor Hugo,in wich it is spoken about the red flags and banners used during : "la Commune de Paris ", one of the first revolutionary riot against the french Monarchy.


* See the book : "Barangay ", page 197 by W.H. Scott

Picture of the Personal flag or standard of Andres Bonifacio; the flag at present is kept inside the Museo Ng Katipunan, Barangay Bulaklakan , Lipa City.

FLAG OF THE KATIPUNAN 1896 circa

This flag was considered one of the first flags of the KKK, note the small letters, more small than in all the modern renditions of this flag.

IMAGE OF A KKK FLAG, AT THE AGUINALDO SHRINE, KAWIT, CAVITE

KATIPUNAN FLAG 1896 circa


KATIPUNAN FLAG 1896 CIRCA

A flag of the katipuneros with the three K placed in triangular
form; a clear example of the connection between masonry and the revolutionary movement of the Katiupunan

KATIPUNAN FLAG 1896 CIRCA

KATIPUNAN FLAG 1896 CIRCA

KATIPUNAN STANDARD

This standard was flown in 1896 by the katipuneros on Noveleta (Cavite).At present it must be deposited in the National Museum of Manila.
The flag was the flag of the Magdiwang Council who had a bigger jurisdiction than the Magdalo Council of Emilio Aguinaldo; it included the following towns: Cavite (the capital ), San Roque, La Caridad, Noveleta, San Francisco de Malabon (at present Tanza), Naik, Maragondon, Ternate, Magallanes, Bailen (at present General Aguinaldo ) Indang, Alfonso, Amadeo and Mendez; later the three towns of Nasugbu, Looc and Tuy, of the Batangas province.

The Magdalo Council comprised the towns of Cavite el Viejo ( now Kawit ), Bacoor, Carmona , Dasmarinas, Imus and Silang, later the towns of Amadeo and Mendez , transferred from the Magdiwang Council to the Magdalo Council.

The letter on the white sun is the" K " in the old tagalog alphabet,called "baybaying "; K is the first letter of the word " Kalayaan" : "freedom" .

Images from the book of memories of General Artemio Ricarte " Vibora", dated 1927

GENERAL MARIANO ALVAREZ


SEDITION IN MANILA.
Appears in plays in native Theatres -
How an American Smashed the Sun of Filipino Independence.
Foreign correspondence New York Times .

........ The filipino theatres in Manila took up the agitation, giving many semi-seditious plays.
The climax came in a play called :"Hindi aco patay" ", which, translated from Tagala, means " I am not dead yet.".
This was produced in the theatre Rizal. There were many scenes showing the supposed brutality of the american and the goodness of the filipino; but at the first the play was not amenable to police interference.
The actors went too far, however, and showed scenes where the katipunan flag, a red field with a black letter "K" there-on, was waved amid the great enthusiasm of the disaffected filipinos. This flag is the emblem of the Katipunan Society, which resembles in its motives and actions the italian mafia. After some days of this play the police found the nightly disorder so great that interference was necessary and the play was prohibited. .......

From : The New York Times
march 29 , 1903




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