FLAGS AND SYMBOLS FROM 1800 TO 1900 CENTURY
In the book "The Katipunan and the Revolution" , written by General Santiago Alvarez (son of President Mariano Alvarez) of the Magdiwang Council there is a good description of the ritual of initiation of the Katipunan members : .."We were led into a room in the inner part of the house. On a table covered with black cloth were a skull and crossbones from a human skeleton. Lying beside the skull and crossbones were the following paraphernalia: a new long-bladed weapon, an old revolver, a small knife with a sharp edge, a new pen, a copy of the Katipunan "Primer", a sheet of paper on which were written blood-colored characters. On both sides of the table were Katipuneros blindfolded with black cloth. On the wall behind the skull was a rectangular banner of black cloth on which was the same motif of human skull and crossbones. Above the banner were three letters K's arranged as a tripod; all were in white paint. ..."
THE FIRST FLAG OF GENERAL MARIANO LLANERA.
This flag were used by General Mariano Llanera and his troops at the beginning of the Revolution of 1896
THE MOST KNOWN FLAG OF GENERAL MARIANO LLANERA
THE FLAG OF MARIANO LLANERA
The flag of General Mariano Llanera from Cabiao, Nueva Ecija, created in 1896 was a particular flag, it looked like the old pirate's flag of the Caribbean Area.
The field of it was black with a skull and crossed bones in white, on the hoist of the flag there was a big white K.
Andres Bonifacio made fun of this so strange flag calling it " bungo ni Llanera " (Llanera skull).
The color and the symbols of this flag don't have any kind of link with the pirate's flag .
The black color was the color of the hood of the katipuneros of the first degree, worn during their secret meetings and rituals, the skull and the crossed bones were symbols of death for the enemies but few know that this sign is clearly linked to Freemasonry and was carved on the graves of Freemasons, but still was the first flag of the Templars . In addition to the Patent cross, the Knights of Christ it's said that they brought on board its vessels such as symbol, and attacked all enemy ships sacking them killing the crew, there was a tradition of a pirate ship that had a similar flag.
For some esotericists, the skull represents the head of St. John the Baptist, the true Messiah Templar.
IMAGE OF THE GREAT GENERAL MARIANO LLANERA
ANOTHER IMAGE OF THE FLAG OF GENERAL LLANERA ( from the book : "General Mariano Llanera" by Rafaelita Hilario Soriano )
This KKK Flag is completely hand sewn and was sold in U.S.A. at the estate auction of General Bandholtz several years ago. The auctioneers did not know it was a Filipino flag and sold it as a flag of the American white racist group, the Klu Klux Klan!
The flag is one of the few original flags of the katipunan with a dot following each K and these letters sewn in big size.
FLAG OF GENERAL PIO DEL PILAR 1896
This flag was called "Watawat ng matagumpay " (victorious flag ).
We really don't have any evidence that the flag had eight rays, probably it had more than eight rays and was displayed vertically as a gonfalon, following the style of that period... .
THE "WATAWAT NG MATAGUMPAY " OF GENERAL PIO DEL PILAR