FLAGS AND SYMBOLS FROM 1800 TO 1900 CENTURY > FROM THE AMERICAN OCCUPATION UNTIL PRESENT DAYS
ARMED FORCES OF THE PHILIPPINES
The flag of the Armed Forces of the Philippines has horizontal stripes, representing the three major services of the armed forces: green (Army), royal/light blue (Air Force), navy blue (Navy); and on the center is placed the Coat of Arms of the Armed Forces of the Philippines.:
The coat of arms of the armed forces of the Philippines is a stylized triangle divided in three colors: red, yellow, and blue, representing the national colors; defacing the triangle is the eight-rayed Philippine sun (eight major rays each of which has a minor ray to the left and right of the major ray), in turn defaced with a stylized version of the ancient Tagalog script for "K", representing the Tagalog word "Kalayaan" or "Freedom," Beneath the triangle is a scroll bearing the legend "Philippines" the entire surrounded by two laurel branches.
In some Armed Forces flags the laurel branches are dispensed with.
The flag has a circular inscription on a yellow background, with the legend "Hukbong Katikan ng Pilipinas" (Army Forces of the Philippines) and the date "1897", all in stylized script; inside the ring, a shield of army green with the arms of the First Philippine Republic: a red equilateral triangle with an eight-rayed Philippine sun (each major ray having two smaller rays to either side); in the center of the sun is a Stylized representation of the ancient Tagalog script for "K", representing "Kalayaan" or "Freedom," the styled "K" looks like a capital "I"; and three yellow five-pointed stars, one at each corner of the triangle. The sun and stars are portrayed in the color yellow. The triangular arms represent the triangle of the Philippine flag (liberty, equality, fraternity), the three stars the three major divisions of the country (Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao), the eight rays of the sun representing the sun on the national flag which represents the first eight provinces to be put under martial law by the Spaniards upon the beginning of the Philippine Revolution in 1896 the color red symbolizes the martial valor of the army and the red, or war stripe of the national flag. The date 1897 in the inscription commemorates the transformation of the revolucionaries forces into a professional army under the command of General Emilio Aguinaldo.
CHIEF OF STAFF ARMED FORCES
The flag of the Philippine Navy has a navy blue field defaced with the seal of the Philippine Navy: a navy blue roundel with an anchor in in purple, superimposed over which is the traditional Philippine sea lion in Or; the roundel surrounded by two stylized naval cables in Or, containing a white border on which is written Hukbong Dagat Pilipinas (Naval Forces Philippines) with two stars.
NAVAL JACK OF THE PHILIPPINES
IMAGE OF THE NAVAL JACK OF THE PHILIPPINES
COMMANDER OF THE FLEET ( OLD FLAG )
COMMANDER OF THE FLEET (NEW FLAG )
PHILIPPINE AIR FORCE
The Philippine Air Force Flag has the same ratio as the Philippine National Flag. It has a field of air force blue (royal blue) defaced with the seal of the Philippine Air Force (PAF): a circular inscription with the legend "Hukbong Paghihimpawid ng Pilipinas" (Air Force of the Philippines - Philippines Forces Aerial, to be literal) in white letters, a yellow five-pointed star preceding each word in the legend, representing Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao; a smaller white circle enclosing the Philippine air force symbol, a lozenge with a red border, and a white border in turn surrounding a navy blue diamond; the lozenge having on either side stylized wings in yellow.
The Hukbong Himpapawid ng Pilipinas (Philippine Air Force) was formed in 1935 as Philippine Constabulary Air Corps; it was dissolved in 1941 and reformed in 1945. Cochrane & Elliott (1998) reported that between 1935 and 1941 it used a lozenge of red-white-blue as a marking (and also as a fin flash). The new roundel created by adding blue-bordered white wings to the previous roundel was adopted in 1945 and used until today. There was an early version to this roundel with bars
A version of the marking by David Donald on the book ("Taschenhandbuch der Militärflugzeuge"; ISBN: 3-89880-122-5; p.179) shows a variant with a square instead of a lozenge, i.e. all sides are of
equal length. The inner diamond is clearly bigger.