FLAGS AND SYMBOLS FROM 1800 TO 1900 CENTURY
THE MALOLOS CHURCH , IMAGE FROM AN OLD SPANISH MAGAZINE
The Philippine Republic , more commonly known as the First Philippine Republic or the Malolos Republic was a short-lived government in the Philippines. It was formally established with the proclamation of the Malolos Constitution on January 23, 1899 in Malolos , Bulacan until the capture and surrender of Emilio Aguinaldo to the American forces on March 23, 1901 in Palanan, Isabela, which effectively dissolved the First Republic.
The establishment of the Philippine Republic was the culmination of the Philippine Revolution against Spanish rule. Independence was declared on June 12, 1898 and the dictatorial government then in place was replaced by a revolutionary government headed by Emilio Aguinaldo as president on June 12, 1898 with its preliminary statement proclaiming Luzon and Visayas as the Philippine Republic declaring its independence, and that Maguindanao-Mindanao and Sulu are independent sovereignty States and are allies. The U.S. abolished the Philippine Republic in 1899 and continued its annexation of the islands pursuant to the Treaty of Paris which ended the Spanish-American War.
FILIPINO FLAG SHOWN AT MALOLOS CONGRESS *
DRAWING OF THE FILIPINO FLAG SHOWN ON THE BOOK : " THE VISION OF POSSIBLE " *
The note below says :
" The above is a miniature reproduction in original colors, of the battle flag of the Filipino insurgents under the leadership of Aguinaldo.
The flag from which the reproduction has been made in 3x6 feet, and was personally presented to Mr. Halstead, the author by Aguinaldo, in the summer of 1898, when Mr. Halstead called on Aguinaldo at the latter's headquarters near Manila."
AGUINALDO'S FLAG CAPTURED IN PALANAN , ISABELA
The flag is in the collection of Edwin Bautista, a filipino researcher and collector. The flag was acquired at auction in the U.S. some years ago. It was collected by Lt. Sidney Maiz of Texas, who served in the Philippines during the Spanish American War. According to Sidney Maiz, the flag flew outside the house of General Aguinaldo when he was captured in Palanan, Isabela.
Lt. Sidney Maiz moved up to Lt. Colonel and served in the US. Expeditionary Force in Europe during WW1. He saw action in the Battle of Verdun.
FILIPINO FLAG WITH MYTHOLOGICAL SUN
FILIPINO GUIDON **
The guidon at present is in the Museum of the Infantry (Ft. Benning, GA) U.S..A.
FILIPINO FLAG **
The flag is kept in the Museum of the Infantry (Ft. Benning, GA) U.S.A.
POST- STAMPS OF THE FILIPINO REPUBLIC
* Images provided by Eng. Pedro " Perry " Javier
** All images provided by Alejandro de Quejada - ADeQ Historical Archives Inc.