HERMANO PULE Y LA COFRARIA DE SAN JOSE' - WATAWAT - FLAGS AND SEALS OF THE PEARL OF THE ORIENT SEAS

Go to content

Main menu:

HERMANO PULE Y LA COFRARIA DE SAN JOSE'

Apolinario de la Cruz ( Hermano Pule ) was born on July 22, 1814 in Barrio Pandác in the town of Lucban in Tayabas Province (now Quezon). In 1829, , he decided to become a priest and tried to join the Dominican Order in Manila. During these times, Roman Catholic religious orders were closed for native people (indios). Apolinario decided to work at San Juan de Dios Hospital. During this time, he studied the Bible and other religious writings.
In 1832, de la Cruz founded the Cofradia de San José (Confraternity of St. Joseph), composed of indios. He was known to his followers as:" Hermano Pule". The Filipino brotherhood fostered a practice of Christian virtues. The Cofradia prohibited Spaniards and mestizos from joining without de la Cruz's permission.
Authorities, including Spanish Governor-General Marcelino Oraa and Roman Catholic Archbishop Jose' Segui regarded the Cofradia as heresy and an abomination of universal Christian values, ordering its dissolution. Despite its religious prohibition, the Cofradia's numbers continued to grow.
Feeling an attack on their religious freedom from Catholic authorities, Hermano Pule rallied about 4,000 followers at Barrio Isabang on the slope of Mount Banahaw and was able to resist an attack by Alcalde-mayor Juan Ortega and his 300 men on October 23, 1841.However, reinforcements came on November 1st, with Colonel Joaquin Huet who annihilated the Cofradia forces, allegedly massacring hundreds of old men, women and children who joined Hermano Pule in Alitao in defying the Catholic leaders of the Church.
After the attack Hermano Pule fled to Barrio Ibanga but was captured by authorities the following evening, and on November 4, 1841 he was executed by a firing squad at the town of Tayabas. After he was killed, the authorities cut off his head and placed it on a stake.

Hermano Pule had a red flag as symbol of his " Cofraria de S. Jose'"

According to some spanish sources : "... in october 31 an advance party of spanish troops was attacked by Cofrades of Hermano Pule, waving a red flag, fighting with more vigor and enthusiasm than military know how and prudence..."

THE RED FLAG ADOPTED BY THE COFRARIA DE SAN JOSE'


BUST OF  APOLINARIO DE LA CRUZ A.K.A. HERMANO PULE (OR PULI)

Home Page | EARLY FLAGS AND SYMBOLS | SRIVIJAYA EMPIRE | MAJAPAHIT EMPIRE | FLAGS AND SYMBOLS UNDER SPANISH OCCUPATION | LIMAHONG AND HIS KINGDOM | TAMBLOT UPRISING | THE MANIAGO REVOLT | THE ALMAZAN REVOLT | KOXINGA | FLAGS AND SYMBOLS UNDER BRITISH OCCUPATION | THE SANGLEY REVOLT | THE PALARIS REVOLT | THE REVOLT OF DIEGO SILANG | THE REBELLION OF DAGOHOY | THE BASI OR AMBARISTO REVOLT | HERMANO PULE Y LA COFRARIA DE SAN JOSE' | THE ILOKOS REVOLT OF 1815 | THE CAVITE MUTINY | THE PRINCIPALIA SYMBOLS | LA LIGA FILIPINA | FLAGS AND SYMBOLS OF THE KAIPUNAN 1 | FLAGS AND SYMBOLS OF THE KATIPUNAN 2 | SEALS OF THE KATIPUNAN | THE "REPUBLIC " OF REAL DE KAKARON DE SILI | ZAMBOANGA AND ITS "REPUBLIC" | THE TWO REPUBLICS OF NEGROS | THE IGLESIA FILIPINA INDEPENDIENTE | FLAGS AND SYMBOLS OF THE VETERANS OF THE REVOLUTION | FROM THE KATIPUNAN TO THE NATIONAL FLAGS AND SYMBOLS 1 | FROM THE KATIPUNAN TO THE NATIONAL FLAGS AND SYMBOLS 2 | FLAGS AND SYMBOLS UNDER AMERICAN OCCUPATION 1 | FLAGS AND SYMBOLS UNDER AMERICAN OCCUPATION 2 | MACARIO SAKAY | PAPA ISIO AND HIS REBELLION | THE EMPIRE OF THE PHILIPPINES | THE IGLESIA NG WATAWAT NG LAHI | THE "MORO" PROVINCE | THE PULAHANES MOVEMENT | THE COLORUM MOVEMENT | FLAGS AND SYMBOLS UNDER JAPANESE OCCUPATION | THE PEASANT MOVEMENTS | THE SAKDALISTA UPRISING | THE SECOND REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES | THE KALIBAPI | THE GANAP PARTY AND MAKAPILI | THE WHA-CHI AND OTHER GUERRILLA GROUPS AND UNITS | THE HUK MOVEMENT AND THE NENITA UNIT | PEASANT GROUPS AND PARTIES | LAPIANG MALAYA | PRESIDENTIAL FLAGS AND SYMBOLS | VICE-PRESIDENTIAL FLAGS AND SYMBOLS | LINKS | CONTACTS | General Site Map
Back to content | Back to main menu