La Liga Filipina (The Philippine League) was an organization created by Dr. José Rizal in the Philippines in the house of Doroteo Ongjunco at Ilaya Street, Tondo, Manila in 1892.
The organization derived from La Solidaridad and the Propaganda movement. The purpose of La Liga Filipina is to build a new group sought to involve the people directly in the reform movement.
The league was to be a sort of mutual aid and self-help society dispensing scholarship funds and legal aid, loaning capital and setting up cooperatives, the league became at threat to Spanish authorities that they arrested Rizal on July 6, 1892 and exiled him in Dapitan.
During the exile of Rizal, The organization became inactive, through the efforts of Domingo Franco and Andres Bonifacio, it was reorganized. The organization decided to declare its support for La Solidaridad and the reforms it advocated, raise funds for the paper, and defray the expenses of deputies advocating reforms for the country before the Spanish Cortes. Eventually after some disarray in the leadership of the group, the Supreme Council of the League dissolved the society.
The Liga membership split into two groups when it is about to be revealed: the conservatives formed the Cuerpo de Compromisarios which pledged to continue supporting the La Solidaridad while the radicals led by Bonifacio devoted themselves to a new and secret society, the Katipunan
The aims of the Liga Filipina were :
To unite the whole archipelago into one vigorous and homogenous organization;Mutual protection in every want and necessity;
Defense against all violence and injustice
Encouragement of instruction, agriculture, and commerce; and
Study the application of reforms.
DR. JOSE' RIZAL FOUNDER OF LA LIGA FILIPINA AND THE MOST IMPORTANT NATIONAL HERO OF THE PHILIPPINES
COVER OF THE STATUTE OF LA LIGA FILIPINA, 1892
REGULATION OF LA LIGA FILIPINA IN RIZAL'S HANDWRITING
THE SYMBOL OF LA LIGA FILIPINA MADE BY JOSE' RIZAL
Rizal made the symbol of La Liga Filipina drawing the two letters L and F (part of the letter F recalls an arrow with two tips pointing in two opposite directions ) superimposed , next and up to the letter F there was a six-pointed star .
The six- pointed star also called hexagram is a common symbol of many cultures and religions as Hebraism, Hinduism, Buddhism and Islam. Christianity also has the hexagram as symbol and we can find out the six-pointed star in some Churches and stained –glass windows and other artifacts; in Christianity is sometimes called : “the star of creation”. In Masonry the interlacing triangles or deltas symbolize the union of the two principles or forces, the active and passive, male and female, pervading the universe ... The two triangles, one white and the other black, interlacing, typify the mingling of apparent opposites in nature, darkness and light, error and truth, ignorance and wisdom, evil and good, throughout human life." The hexagram, one of the world's most ancient symbols, is featured within and on the outside of many Masonic temples as a decoration. It may have been found within the structures of King Solomon's temple, from which Freemasons are inspired in their philosophies and studies. Like many other symbols in Freemasonry, the deciphering of the hexagram is non-dogmatic and left to the interpretation of the individual.
The Hexagram is The hexagram, like the pentagram, was and is used in practices of the occult and ceremonial magic and is attributed to the seven "old" planets outlined in astrology.The six-pointed star is commonly used both as a talisman and for conjuring spirits and spiritual forces in divers forms occult magic.
We really don’t know if Rizal was thinking about Christianity, Freemasonry or Esotericism when he realized that symbol for his organization ,what is certain is that he was not unaware of them.