MAJAPAHIT EMPIRE - WATAWAT - FLAGS AND SEALS OF THE PEARL OF THE ORIENT SEAS

Go to content

Main menu:

MAJAPAHIT EMPIRE

MAJAPAHIT EMPIRE 1293- 1520 CIRCA

Sulu Archipelago was one of the territories under the Majapahit Rule.

Hayam Wuruk, also known as Rajasanagara, ruled Majapahit in 1350–1389. During this period, Majapahit attained its peak with the help of prime minister, Gajah Mada. Under Gajah Mada's command (1313–1364), Majapahit conquered more territories and become the regional power. According to the book of Nagarakertagama pupuh (canto) XIII and XIV mentioned several states in Sumatra, Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sulawesi, Nusa Tenggara islands, Maluku, New Guinea, and Sulu Archipelago as under Majapahit realm of power. This source mentioned of Majapahit expansions has marked the greatest extent of Majapahit empire.

Following Hayam Wuruk's death in 1389, Majapahit power entered a period of decline with conflict over succession. Hayam Wuruk was succeeded by the crown princess Kusumawardhani, who married a relative, Prince Wikramawardhana. Hayam Wuruk also had a son from his previous marriage, crown prince Wirabhumi, who also claimed the throne. A civil war, called Paregreg, is thought to have occurred from 1405 to 1406, of which Wikramawardhana was victorious and Wirabhumi was caught and decapitated. The civil war weakened Majapahit's grip on its outer vassals and colonies.
The principal religions of the Empire were : Hinduism,Buddhism, Kebatinan, Animism and Islam.
MAJAPAHIT ANCIENT FLAG


The flag had triangular shape and was red and white; Surya Majapahit " The Sun of Majapahit " was placed on the red part of it.
Surya Majapahit " The Sun of Majapahit " was the emblem common found in temples and ruins dated from Majapahit era. This sun disc was the royal emblem of Majapahit empire, and its Coat - of - Arms . The sun disk is stylized with carved ray of light; surrounded by eight Lokapala gods, the eight Hindu gods that guarded eight cardinal points of the universe. There’s other version of Majapahit’s Sun, such as sun disc with sun god Surya riding a celestial horse or chariot, to just a simple sun disc with stylized ray of light.
At present the Coat-of-Arms is kept in the collection of National Museum of Indonesia, Jakarta

THE MAJAPAHIT SUN                                                  

ANOTHER VERSION OF THE SUN , THE EMBLEM OF MAJAPAHIT EMPIRE


OTHER SYMBOLS

Some other symbols of the Majapahit Empire were : the snake, the dragon (sometimes represented as a dragon-snake), the phoenix and the garuda.

On 18th century account is reported the xistence of a " Crown of Majapahit”. That crown (lost during the sack of Karta Sura in 1742 by Pangeran Natakusuma I of Madura)  consisted of a golden crown of wire-work and two intertwined dragons guardant and was set with pearls and diamonds. *

MAJAPAHIT FLAGS
* image provided by John McMeekin, 13 June 2011






* Thanks to Hubert de Vries for the infos


Home Page | EARLY FLAGS AND SYMBOLS | SRIVIJAYA EMPIRE | MAJAPAHIT EMPIRE | FLAGS AND SYMBOLS UNDER SPANISH OCCUPATION | LIMAHONG AND HIS KINGDOM | TAMBLOT UPRISING | THE MANIAGO REVOLT | THE ALMAZAN REVOLT | KOXINGA | FLAGS AND SYMBOLS UNDER BRITISH OCCUPATION | THE SANGLEY REVOLT | THE PALARIS REVOLT | THE REVOLT OF DIEGO SILANG | THE REBELLION OF DAGOHOY | THE BASI OR AMBARISTO REVOLT | HERMANO PULE Y LA COFRARIA DE SAN JOSE' | THE ILOKOS REVOLT OF 1815 | THE CAVITE MUTINY | THE PRINCIPALIA SYMBOLS | LA LIGA FILIPINA | FLAGS AND SYMBOLS OF THE KAIPUNAN 1 | FLAGS AND SYMBOLS OF THE KATIPUNAN 2 | SEALS OF THE KATIPUNAN | THE "REPUBLIC " OF REAL DE KAKARON DE SILI | ZAMBOANGA AND ITS "REPUBLIC" | THE TWO REPUBLICS OF NEGROS | THE IGLESIA FILIPINA INDEPENDIENTE | FLAGS AND SYMBOLS OF THE VETERANS OF THE REVOLUTION | FROM THE KATIPUNAN TO THE NATIONAL FLAGS AND SYMBOLS 1 | FROM THE KATIPUNAN TO THE NATIONAL FLAGS AND SYMBOLS 2 | FLAGS AND SYMBOLS UNDER AMERICAN OCCUPATION 1 | FLAGS AND SYMBOLS UNDER AMERICAN OCCUPATION 2 | MACARIO SAKAY | PAPA ISIO AND HIS REBELLION | THE EMPIRE OF THE PHILIPPINES | THE IGLESIA NG WATAWAT NG LAHI | THE "MORO" PROVINCE | THE PULAHANES MOVEMENT | THE COLORUM MOVEMENT | FLAGS AND SYMBOLS UNDER JAPANESE OCCUPATION | THE PEASANT MOVEMENTS | THE SAKDALISTA UPRISING | THE SECOND REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES | THE KALIBAPI | THE GANAP PARTY AND MAKAPILI | THE WHA-CHI AND OTHER GUERRILLA GROUPS AND UNITS | THE HUK MOVEMENT AND THE NENITA UNIT | PEASANT GROUPS AND PARTIES | LAPIANG MALAYA | PRESIDENTIAL FLAGS AND SYMBOLS | VICE-PRESIDENTIAL FLAGS AND SYMBOLS | LINKS | CONTACTS | General Site Map
Back to content | Back to main menu