The Basi Revolt, also known as the Ambaristo Revolt, was a revolt who started in September 16,1807. It was led by Pedro Mateo and Salarogo Ambaristo and developed in Piddig, Badoc and other towns of Ilocos Norte. This revolt is unique as it revolves around the Ilocanos' love for basi ( sugarcane wine) but last but not least for Ilocanos love for freedom .
In 1786, the Spanish colonial government manufacture and sale of basi, effectively banning private manufacture of the wine, which was done before expropriation. Ilocanos were forced to buy from government stores. However, wine-loving Ilocanos in Piddig rose in revolt on September 16, 1807.Spanish troops eventually quelled the revolt on September 28,1807, albeit with much force and loss of life on the losing side.
The Basi Revolt was depicted in 14 panels in 1821 by a local Filipino artist named Esteban Villanueva, making this series the earliest historical painting in Southeast Asia. It depicts the victories and death of the rebels; according to some sources Villanueva assisted at the events of 1807 and then, many years later painted this moment of the Ilocano history.
FLAGS OF AMBARISTO REBELS
The flags had five red horizontal stripes on yellow field and three red horizontal stripes on yellow field ; the meaning is unknown , maybe from some spanish flags.