THE SAKDALISTA UPRISING - WATAWAT - FLAGS AND SEALS OF THE PEARL OF THE ORIENT SEAS

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THE SAKDALISTA UPRISING


The Sakdalista uprising was a peasant rebellion in the agricultural area of central Luzon,particularly in Bulacan and Laguna provinces . On the night of May 2–3, 1935. Though quickly crushed, the revolt of the Sakdalistas warned of Filipino peasant frustration with the oppressive land tenancy situation.
The Sakdal (Tagalog: “Accuse”) movement was founded in 1930 by Benigno Ramos, a former government clerk.
The sakdalistas estabilished a new provisional government and the republic in San ildefonso, Bulacan Province and hoisted a plane red flag .
In may 12 , 1935 the Republic and his government finished to exist.
His leader, Benigno Ramos then started a new political action becoming leader of the Ganap Party, devoted to the full independence of the Philippines from U.S.A.
SAKDALISTA FLAG


BENIGNO RAMOS IN 1942 CIRCA

Benigno Ramos (1893-1946) was an advocate for the independence of the Philippines from the United States who collaborated with Japan. became leader of the Ganap Party which contested the 1941 elections (although Ramos himself was imprisoned during the vote). During the Japanese occupation this group became part of the KALIBAPI governing coalition, whilst Ramos formed the Makapili, a militant youth movement that aimed to limit the power of José P. Laurel and to provide soldiers for Japan. The followers of Ramos and his ally Artemio Ricarte were eventually armed by the Japanese in December 1944 by which time the Americans had already landed.
Accounts differ on what happened to Ramos after the fall of the Philippines; some claim that he was killed in an airplane crash in Baguio along with the retreating Japanese.
As well as his political activism, Ramos was also noted as a writer of poetry with a collection Mga Agam-agam at Iba Pang Tula due for publication.
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